“Jugurtha” has been inspired by a poem written in Latin in 1869 by 14 year old French poet Arthur Rimbaud. In this poem, Rimbaud  disparages the French invasion and occupation of Algeria by comparing the Emir Abdelkader, who resisted the French invasion in the 19th century, to Jugurtha, king of Numidia in 111-106 B.C.